om swastik belpatra

Mantra, in Hinduism and Buddhism, are mystic words used in ritual and meditation. A Mantra is believed to be the sound form of reality, having the power to bring into being the reality it represents. There are several types of Mantras.

Calling/ordering/requesting somebody in his/her language is Called Mantra. Sanskrit verses used in the Vedic sacrifice are also known as Mantras.

Bija-Mantra or "seed-sounds, " used mainly in Tantra, are syllables without semantic value having an occult affinity for particular deities or forces; use of such Mantras usually requires initiation by a Guru. Extremely common is the repetition japa of the name of a deity and the singing of devotional phrases ( mahaMantra ). Their textual source is to be found in the Vedas, Purana and Tantra.

A tantric Mantra is composed of certain letters arranged in a definite sequence of sounds, the letters by themselves being the representative signs.

A Mantra must be uttered, audibly or inaudibly, in a proper way, to produce its effect. The uchcharan or utterance or recitation in a proper way is important for Shabda, or sound, which is of the Brahm, and as such the cause of the Brahmanda, is the manifestation of Chit or Absolute Knowledge itself.

Philosophically shabda is the guna of akasha, or ethereal space. It is not, however, produced by akasha, but manifests in it. In the same way, as in outer space, waves of sound are produced by movements of air, so in the space within the body, waves of sound are produced according to the movements of the vital air through the process of inhalation and exhalation.

Prana manifests in the human body as breath though inspiration (Sah : or Shakti) and expiration (Ha : or Shiva). Breathing is itself a Mantra, known as the Mantra which is not recited (Ajapa-Mantra), for it is said without volition.

A simple analysis of the above makes us observe that one is constantly breathing ("prana-Mantra" - the eternal "Karmic" principle of nature !) without the application of one's efforts or will. This is nature's own principle of "Japa" and eternal "Karma" which regulates life. Once this "prana-Mantra" is eliminated, the kinetic principle of life (evolving from Sat) changes into the static principle of life or death.

The utterance of a Mantra without knowledge of its meaning is a mere movement of the lips and nothing more. Without knowledge of the meaning, the Mantra sleeps and is not potent. Only when one utters a Mantra with full awareness of its meaning, only then the Mantra is awake and vibrant with potent energy. Only then it is a magical and energized to permeate in the very being of the sadhaka. In tantra there is are some other secrets.

Every Mantra is a form of the Brahm and not merely letters of the alphabet. From manana or thinking, arises the real understanding that the substance of the Brahm and Brahmanda are one and the same. Man - of Mantra comes from the first syllable  of manana, and -tra from trana, or liberation from the bondage of the sansara or the phenomenal world. By the combination of man- and -tra, is the Mantra - a word of power - a compelling force that vibrates not only in the very being of the one who utters, but also subtly in the entire universe. The building blocks of all Mantras are the 46(+) letters of the Sanskrit alphabet.

Mantras can consist of a single letter, a syllable or string of syllables, a word, or a whole sentence. Etymologically, the word "Mantra" is derived from the verb "man' which means "to think, " and the suffix "tra, " which denotes instrumentality. A Mantra then is literally an instrument of thought" that concentrates, intensifies, and spiritualizes our consciousness.

The Mantra of a Devata (deity) is the Devata. The rhythmical vibrations of its sound not merely regulate the unsteady vibrations of the sheaths of the worshiper, thus transforming him, but from it arises the form of the Devata which it is.

What today the scientists may call as the Laws of Physics, to the ancients Hindu too, perhaps it was the same. Understanding this secret is the revelation of the magic of Mantra. There's a long tradition in India of saluting the teacher or evoking divine power through a Mantra to open a practice.

Such a preamble helps the student to steady her resolve and to remind her of the goal of the work, which is always self-liberation. It also serves to signal the student's intent to humbly offer the upcoming practice as a sacrifice to the divine, which is the source of all true wisdom.

The recitation of Mantra is known as japa, which literally means "muttering, whispering." According to schools such as Hatha Yoga and Mantra Yoga, the universe is created through the medium of sound, and all sound, whether subtle or audible, issues from a transcendent, "soundless" source called the "supreme sound" or "supreme voice" (shabda-brahm or para-vac).

While all sounds possess some degree of shabda-brahman's creative force, the sounds of Mantras are far more forceful than other sounds.

As a practice, japa is thousands of years old. In the beginning, Mantras were drawn only from the thousands of verses in the Rig-Veda, Hinduism's oldest and holiest scripture.

After some time, Mantras were taken from non-Vedic sources as well, such as the numerous texts associated with the schools of Hindu Tantra, or those revealed to seers (rishis) in meditation. Mantra Yoga as a formal school is a relatively recent development, though "recent" in yoga years means between third and fifteenth centuries.

Instructional manuals commonly list sixteen "limbs" (anga) of practice. Many of them - such as asana, conscious breathing, and meditation - are shared with other yoga schools.

Tradition estimates that there are 70 million Mantras. This number shouldn't be taken too literally; it simply signifies that there are lots of Mantras. Yogis assert that, to be most effective, a Mantra should be received orally from a self-realized teacher (Guru), not merely learned from a book, so that it's infused with the teacher's spiritual energy. And to preserve its reservoir of power, a Mantra should be kept in strictest secrecy, and not revealed to anyone else.

Mantra traditionally has two purposes, which can be called worldly and spiritual. We usually think of Mantra solely as an instrument of self-transformation. But in ancient times Mantra was also used for mundane and not necessarily positive ends, such as communicating with and appeasing ghosts and ancestors, exorcism or warding off evil forces, remedies for illnesses, control of other people's thoughts or actions, and the acquisition of powers (siddha) or magical skills.

As for its spiritual purpose, Mantra is said to quiet the habitual fluctuations of our consciousness and then steer consciousness toward its source in the Self. We're accustomed to the idea that Mantras are recited aloud. But Mantras can also be "not-spoken" or "not-muttered" (ajapa). One old text, the Yoga-Yajnavalkya , maintains that a whispered Mantra is a thousand times more beneficial than a spoken one, a mental Mantra is a thousand times more beneficial than a whispered one, and finally meditating on a Mantra is a thousand times more beneficial than its silent recitation. Some teachers mention a third subcategory of ajapa-Mantra, which is writing (likhit) out the Mantra.

Yogis also categorize Mantras as either "meaningful" or "meaningless." Mantras in the "meaningful" category have an obvious surface meaning along with the esoteric one.

Examples of meaningful Mantras are the "great sayings" (maha-vakya) drawn from the texts known as the Upanishads, such as "I am the Absolute" (aham brahma asmi) and "You are That" (tat tvam asi). Meaningful Mantras have two functions: to instill within the reciter a particular spiritual doctrine, and to serve as a vehicle for meditation.

It's rather misleading to call the second category of Mantras "meaningless." Meaningless Mantras are only apparently so to noninitiates, who don't possess the key to their understanding. Those in the know, who have undergone proper initiation, understand the Mantra perfectly well. Besides, the purpose of these Mantras isn't to impart a particular doctrine but to affect a certain state of consciousness in the reciter.

The best way to learn Mantra is still directly from a teacher, even though he or she may not be totally enlightened. Another acceptable way to learn about Mantra is from audio productions; There are a few important things to remember when practicing japa.

Always pay careful attention to the speed and rhythm of your chanting, and the correct pronunciation, aim, and esoteric meaning of the Mantra. It's claimed hat a Mantra that's mispronounced and used inappropriately is "asleep" or totally ineffective. It's also recommended that you practice japa at the same time every day and place every day, facing either north or east. The most propitious time is called the "hour of Brahm" (brahm-muhurta), which is an hour or two before sunrise. Of course, this might not always be possible, so any time and place will do, as long as you practice regularly.

When a Mantra( a set of particular words in a particular configuration and rhythm by chanting which one can fulfill one's wish) is chanted according to the proper Tantra( method to perform a worship in a systemic way), the sound vibrations gather force from the Yantra( a geometric figure inscribed on a metallic plate or paper and is the confluence of the powers of the concerned God) and after reflecting from its surface spread out into the universe and reach the concerned God.

 

When a Mantra( a set of particular words in a particular configuration and rhythm by chanting which one can fulfil ones wish) is chanted according to the proper Tantra( method to perform a worship in a systemised way), the sound vibrations gather force from the Yantra( a geometric figure inscribed on a metallic plate or paper and is the confluence of the powers of the concerned God) and after reflecting from its surface spread out into the universe and reach the concerned God.

Mantra A Mantra is a religious or mystical syllable or poem from the Sanskrit language, first found in Hinduism. Mantras may or may not conform to grammatical rules.. Their use varies according to the school and philosophy associated with the Mantra. They are primarily used as spiritual conducts, words or vibrations that instill one-pointed concentration in the devotee. Other purposes have included religious ceremonies to accumulate wealth, avoid danger, or eliminate enemies. Mantras originated in the tantrik and Vedic religion of India, later becoming an essential part of the Hindu tradition and a customary practice within Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism. The use of Mantras is now widespread throughout various spiritual movements which are based on, or off-shoots of, the practices in the earlier Eastern religions.

Mantras are interpreted to be effective as sound (vibration), to the effect that great emphasis is put on correct pronunciation (resulting in an early development of a science of phonetics in India). They are intended to deliver the mind from illusion and material inclinations. Chanting is the process of repeating a Mantra.

 Mantra the most sophisticated super-soporific arrangement of sound, is the chief instrument of tantric rituals and is considered to be the life of Tantra shastra. It is the concentrated symbol of realisation received from one in whom the Mantra lies as conscious energy. A Mantra is composed of certain letters arranged in a definite sequence of sounds of which the letters are the representative signs. The actual purpose of Mantra is to establish close relationship and personal identification between the sadhaka and the presiding deity. Each Mantra creates its own special kind of resonance in space, in the realm of subtle sound vibration called Nada. Tantras are closely connected with the science of sound in the form of Mantras. Tantric mysticism suggests that the purificatory Mantra must be chanted at the very beginning of the significant exercise.

Mantras (Sanskrit) have some features in common with spells, in that they are a translation of the human will or desire into a form of action. As symbols, sounds are seen to effect what they symbolize. Vocal sounds are frequently thought of as having magical powers, or even of representing the words, or speech of God.

For the authors of the Hindu scriptures of the Upanishads, the syllable Aum, itself constituting a Mantra, represents Brahman, the Godhead, as well as the whole of creation. Merely pronouncing this syllable is to experience the divine in a very direct way. Kukai suggests that all sounds are the voice of the Dharmakaya Buddha - i.e. as in Hindu Upanishads and Yoga thought, these sounds are manifestations of ultimate reality. We should not think that this is peculiar to Eastern culture, however. Words do have a mysterious power to affect us. Accepted scholarly etymology links the word with manas meaning mind and traana for protection so that a Mantra is something which protects the mind - however in practice we will see that Mantra is considered to do far more than simply protect the mind.

For many cultures it is the written letters that have power - the Hebrew Kabbalah for instance. Letters can have an oracular function even. But in India special conditions applied that meant that writing was very definitely inferior to the spoken word. The Brahmins were the priestly caste of the Aryan peoples. It was they that preserved the holy writings - initially the Vedas, but later also the Upanishads. For years, they were the only ones who knew the Mantras or sacred formulas that had to be chanted at important occasions.

However, with the advent of egalitarian Hindu schools of Yoga, Vedanta, Tantra and Bhakti, it is now the case that intra-family and community Mantras are passed on freely as part of generally practiced Hindu religion. Such was the influence of the orthodox attitude of the elite nature of Mantra knowledge, that even the Buddhists, who repudiated the whole idea of caste, and of the efficacy of the old rituals, called themselves the shravakas, that is the hearers. A wise person in India was one who had "heard much".

Mantras then are sound symbols. What they symbolize, and how they function depends on the context, and the mind of the person repeating them. Studies in sound symbolism suggest that vocal sounds have meaning whether we are aware of it or not. And indeed that there can be multiple layers of symbolism associated with each sound.

So even if we do not understand them, Mantras are no simply meaningless mumbo jumbo - no vocal utterance is entirely without meaning. We can look at Mantra is a range of different contexts to see what they can mean in those contexts: Om may mean something quite different to a Hindu and a Tibetan Buddhist.

Mantra Tantras eventually came to see the letters as well as the sounds as representatives of the divine, it was when Buddhism traveled to China from India, that a shift in emphasis towards writing came about. China lacked a ecclesiastic language like Sanskrit, and achieved it's cultural unity by having a written language that was flexible in pronunciation but more precise in terms of the concepts that each character represented. In fact the Indians had several scripts which were all equally serviceable for writing Sanskrit.

Hence, the Chinese prized written language more highly than did the Indian Buddhists, and the writing of Mantras became a spiritual practice in its own right. So that whereas Brahmins had been very strict on correct pronunciation, the Chinese, and other Far-Eastern Buddhists were more concerned with correctly writing something down. The practice of writing Mantras as a spiritual practice, became very refined in Japan, and the writing in the Siddham script in which the Sanskrit of many Buddhist Sutras were written, is only seen in Japan nowadays. However, Mantra-repetition written in Sanskrit, with any number of scripts, is well-known to many Hindu sects in India as well.